S.C.O.P.E 2018: Wordsworth: Mr. Prafulla Bhide, Head of Strategic Planning and Logistics, United Phosphorous Ltd. on “Leveraging technology for supply chain analytics  and RFID in warehousing”

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On 4th February 2018, TAPMI hosted Mr. Prafulla Bhide, Head of Strategic Planning and Logistics at United Phosphorous Ltd., for Wordsworth, the guest lecture series of S.C.O.P.E 2018. His topic of discussion was leveraging technology for supply chain analytics and RFID in warehousing management.

Mr. Bhide started by explaining what warehouses are- the difference between warehouse and godowns. Warehouse, he said, is a place to store merchandise, receive goods from a supplier, move goods to customers and accommodate returns from them. Additionally, more than one company can share a warehouse- godown belongs to a single enterprise. It is a place which ensures customer satisfaction by the product shipped after adding value to it.

He went on to elaborate on the various types of warehouses such as retail store, national and regional distribution centers, service part distribution centers, e-commerce fulfilment, perishable and cold chain warehouses, CFA, stockists, etc. He claimed that the future will blur the line of demarcation between the types of warehouses and consumer reaching warehouses- a replacement to the long supply chain. He also spoke of omnichannel retail starting a revolution in supply chain management.

In the next segment of the discussion, Mr. Bhide touched upon RFID or Radio Frequency Identification Device. Just like barcodes, RFID is another form of ADC or Automated Data Collection technology, he said, having components like Readers and Tags which are capable of storing and transmitting information. He mentioned the types of tags, Active and Passive, and talked about each in detail. Active tags are used for long distances like electronic tolls, have large memories, are powered by internal battery sources and are expensive. On the other hand, Passive tags are powered by a reader, lighter, cheaper to produce and used in close range. The types of memory in the same could be Read, Read/Write or a combination of both, he said.

Mr. Bhide compared barcodes with RFID; and also talked about the usages and applications of RFID and also the supply chain management benefits of RFID. He concluded the session by stating such technological innovations help companies as it is better for them to have visibility of what is selling and what rate, in order to make a data-driven decision.

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S.C.O.P.E. 2018: Day 2: Wordsworth Guest Lecture Series: “Sustainability and the Supply Chain” – Mr. Arun Sharma, Head – India Supply Chain at MI-India

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On 4th February 2018, Mr. Arun Sharma delivered a lecture on “Sustainability and the Supply Chain”, as part of the second day of S.C.O.P.E, the annual Operations Conclave of TAPMI.

He began the discussion by sensitizing the students on the importance of following sustainable practices. It is important to act responsibly on behalf of future generations to achieve economic and social progress, he explained. With global megatrends such as climate change, globalization and digitization defining our lives, new markets are opening up. Yet, these also harbor significant risks that only value-based, sustainability-driven organizations can minimize and leverage. He then explored the scope of integrating sustainability into the supply chain, where waste is generated at each step of the process – from sourcing to retail and even recovery processes for product end-of-life. He provided real-life examples to illustrate the same, from his wealth of experience as a supply chain specialist.

The various dimensions of integrating sustainability need to be looked into, he said, explaining that the legal, social safety and compliance issues require due consideration. He then provided a framework for designing a sustainable supply chain. Mapping the supply chain would be the first step to take, which includes identifying the supplier’s most significant environmental challenges. This would help the company to suggest solutions and prioritize their sustainability efforts. Establishing and communicating expectations through a supplier code of conduct is a critical step. He stressed the importance of developing training and capacity building programs to drive behavioural changes in the organization. He also drew attention to the reverse supply chain, stating that it is an area that has immense potential to aid sustainability efforts through reuse and recycling.

Mr. Sharma advised the students to look beyond the short-term financial benefits and think of sustainability as something that adds long-term value to the organization. While incorporating a sustainability agenda is highly complex, such efforts are imperative to ensure the quality of human existence on the planet, he reiterated. It is even more pertinent in our country, considering our lax attitude towards the environment and the widespread over-exploitation of natural resources, he concluded.

S.C.O.P.E. 2018: Wordsworth Guest Lecture Series: “Distributed Manufacturing & Integrated services” – Mr. Aniruddha Srinath, Deputy General Manager – Manufacturing – Ather Energy & Mr. Rohith Hariharan, Head of Talent – Ather Energy

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On 4th February 2018, Day 2 of S.C.O.P.E. 2018, TAPMI’s Operations Forum’s annual event Mr. Aniruddha Srinath, Deputy General Manager, Ather Energy and Mr. Rohith Hariharan, Head of Talent Acquisition, Ather Energy hosted an insightful interaction with the students on Distributed Manufacturing and Integrated Service.

The guest lecture session initiated with a brief introduction of Ather Energy and it’s soon to be launched smart electric scooter S340. The guests focused on the future of electric vehicles and how the experience which these vehicles provide are becoming personalised more than ever. A light was thrown on the changing paradigm in the manufacturing sector. Mr. Hariharan explained how making and selling has changed over the years highlighting on the Industrial Revolution in 1850 to Ford’s concept of Mass Production in 1930 to the concept of Mass Customization in 1980. He went on to discuss how growth in GDP is directly related to the increase in industry share.

Mr. Srinath highlighted upon the implications of DMI’s on supply chain which include: standardisation, software skills, mature process and legal practices to name a few. He also touched on how DMI’s are affecting different industries based on regulatory environment, size of the product, product complication and digitisation.

The guests concluded the session with an interesting Q&A session with the students whose queries were quenched by the expert presenters of the session.

S.C.O.P.E. 2018: Wordsworth Guest Lecture Series: ‘3D Printing- on board in the transformation of supply chain’- Mr. Subeer Oberoi, Regional Manager, Dachser India Pvt. Ltd.

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On 4th February 2018 Mr. Subeer Oberoi, Regional Manager, Dachser India Pvt. Ltd., gave an insightful talk on 3D printing and its transformation of the supply chain industry as part of Wordsworth, S.C.O.P.E 2018.

He started his talk by elaborating his journey in Dachser India and a brief introduction about Dascher Pvt. Ltd. He then touched upon various SCM trends including 3D printing, augmented reality, internet of things, cloud computing, big data analytics, artificial intelligence, gamification etc and how they are changing the world around us. What was once an imagination to many has become a reality due to technology. He later moved on to explain the differences between 3D printing vs Traditional manufacturing few of them includes manufacturing costs, the time required etc.

He then listed out the various impacts and benefits of 3D printing and explained each one of them in detail. Few of them are; reduced cost of prototyping, quality enhancement, vendor/supply management, manpower and facility management etc. 3D printing helps gauge a better customer focus, with 3D printing customers have the advantage of asking for products that exactly meet there need. Using the example of FedX he explained a traditional supply chain model and a 3D printing supply chain model and the differences between them.

He then talked about the benefits analysis of SCM due to 3D printing, few of them are; lesser SKUs due to 3D printing and hence lesser maintenance cost, lesser transportation cost, perfect products that can be produced by robots, high level of customisation, negligible manufacturing effort as compared to traditional manufacturing etc. He explained how 3D printing can help postponement and late customisation which will reduce overproduction and excess inventory, thus keeping Bullwhip effect under control. 3D printing can bring phenomenal changes to cargo flows across the world. Research says that in 10 years 10% of everything manufactured will be 3D printed. A balance between responsiveness and efficiency can be achieved to a great extent using 3D printing. To further explain the benefits due to 3D printing in detail, he showed the students a couple of interesting videos on the subject.

Towards the end of the session, students were given the opportunity to ask their questions and Mr Oberoi. ensured that none of the queries went unanswered. The experience was enriching and a great learning experience for the students.

S.C.O.P.E. 2018: Wordsworth Guest Lecture Series: “Blockchain in Manufacturing and Industry 4.0” – Dr. Harish Pant, Managing Director, Hampson Industries Pvt. Ltd.

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On 4th February 2018, Mr. Harish Pant, Managing Director, Hampson spoke about Blockchain in manufacturing and Industry 4.0 as part of Wordsworth Guest Lecture Series in S.C.O.P.E. 2018. Mr. Pant started off his lecture with humor and gave a brief introduction to his career. He shared some startling stats on India’s projected GDP growth till 2040. India is expected to be Top 3 economies by 2040. The challenge for management graduates is to think big in terms of billions and trillions not millions. 75% of S&P 500 companies are expected to be replaced in less than a decade.

Mr. Pant spoke about the twin play of Globalization and Protectionism. He spoke about the “ACES” aspects of Mobility which are Autonomous, Connected, Electrified and Shared respectively. He then spoke about the implication of automation in the area of public transportation.

Mr. Pant then elaborated on the 4D’s of Automation – Dangerous, Dirty, Duplicate and Delicate work. He mentioned a few instances of his life where he urged the Government of India to go for Electric Vehicles as India could well be World’s largest economy if it relies less on Oil. Technology is disrupting Industries and technologies like IoT could pose a threat to core companies. He mentioned how Qualcomm is planning to leverage IoT with the help of Bluetooth devices which are charged by radio frequencies by 2020.

Mr. Pant then spoke about the impact of Manufacturing on stock markets. He asked the students to dig deep and analyze the disruptive trends which are causing companies to rise or shut down. He urged students to start innovating as managing is becoming costlier and no one wants to pay. Entrepreneurship is the way and this is explained by the Rs 3703 crores allocated by GOI for Startup India scheme for R&D on AI. He urged the students to change the way things are done. He spoke on how Big Data skills are necessary in current scenario. Lifelong learning is the current reality. China is already on the way to become No.1 and we need to step up to the challenge posed by China if we were to compete with them.

Mr. Pant moved on to the future of supply chain. He expects a saving of $3 trillion by 2022 through an interconnected digital supply chain in the industry. He took examples of companies in aerospace sector to reiterate the transition to Industry 4.0. To reinforce his idea of the future of Industry 4.0, he then showed us an entertaining video of Sophia the robot and a humorous video of a millennial’s interview. He then took a few questions from the marking the end of what has been an enthralling session for the audience.

SCOPE 2018: Wordsworth: ‘Digital makeover of shop floor operations’ by Mr. Ravi Shankar Denduluri, Program Manager, Hewlett-Packard

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On 4th January 2018, Mr. Ravi Denduluri, Program Manager, Hewlett-Packard addressed students as part of Wordsworth Guest Lecture series, SCOPE 2018. He has a rich experience of working in large companies such as Accenture and GE. He spoke about how digitization is changing the shop floor operations carried out by any company. The shop floor is designed to deliver on three outcomes – Quality, Delivery, and Cost or Efficient process. Any change in technology would impact any of these outcomes directly.

Operations has gone through a significant transformation journey from Manual to Automation to Digitization. He also discussed that how it is easy for most people to think of automation and digitization as one and the same. But, they are two different aspects of this transformation journey. He elucidated this with an example that automation is the AV system employed whereas Digitisation would be the sensors employed for any alert. He then moved to explaining the enablers for a digital makeover such as Product identifiers like Bar code, Location Tags, sensors and imaging software to check quality of parts.

Mr. Denduluri discussed various digital solutions such as production planning, plans vs actual trends and analysis for priority action which would together form an ERP consolidated dashboard. He explained the benefits of digital solutions such as real-time status tracking, quicker review, minimization of manual touch points and minimization of errors in production data and product quality.

It was an enlightening and fulfilling session for the students as they understood the benefits of digitization in operations.

S.C.O.P.E. 2018: Wordsworth Guest Lecture Series: “How to start thinking about industry 4.0 and IIot?” – Mr. Amit Kurhekar, Sr. Tech Manager, P&G

Edited-0143.jpgOn 4th February, Day 2 of S.C.O.P.E. 2018, Wordsworth guest lecture series began with Mr. Amit Kurhekar’s discussion on Industrial 4.0 and IIot.

He explained the concept of industry 4.0, a current trend of automation and data exchange in manufacturing technologies. Then he moved on to Industrial IoT which is the use of IoT technologies’ in manufacturing. It involves the application of sensors to measure equipment performance, data acquisition, digitalisation of work processes, big data and imaging technologies among others. He also discussed the key performance indicators that include overall equipment efficiency, downtime and uptime, capacity and schedule utilisations, etc.

Mr. Kurhekar then enlightened the students on the 4 stages of descriptive, diagnostic, predictive and perceptive analytics, to which a new cognitive layer has been added. He also touched upon the process of smart manufacturing which starts with problem definition, then identifying opportunities, forming a team and then acquiring data.
He also emphasised on the need to eliminate mundane or non-value addition tasks. He then provided insights into the IIoT value drivers and The Maturity model, talking about productivity and throughput, predictive quality and maintenance and sustainability.

Mr. Kurhekar finally briefed the students on calculating the RoI, the typical roles that this new Industry offered like Data Scientist, Machine Vision Scientist, IIoT Solution Architect, etc. He said that for these roles one needs to have the skills and knowledge in operating Python/R programming, Cloud technologies, Vision systems, Data architecture, and other technical software and programs. He concluded by compelling the audience to think about IIoT and 4.0 saying that in this age of automation when machines are operating by themselves, what is that we need to do.