Excerpts from the discussion:
Mr. Bharath Ram -AVP-Toyota Industries
The collaborative discussion started with Mr. Bharath Ram giving a brief introduction regarding Industry 4.0 and further elaborated about the origins of Industry 4.0, the inception of which took place in the European countries. The revolution took place as these nations faced a crunch in terms of man-power required for manufacturing processes and hence automation was implemented. The basic idea behind it was to move towards a system where manufacturing takes place automatically.
Taking the discussion further, he spoke about standardization of the processes. The level of standardization helps in finding out the simplest way of doing work. Standardization improves the utilization of the space on the shop floor. Mr. Ram quoted an incident from his experience on how automation and information system exchange helps in a seamless passage of information on the shop floor. The space on the shop floor is limited, so it is necessary to develop a sync between production line and warehouse. The RFID tagging and Kanban enables that by allowing the seamless transfer of information with the help of Information technology and information exchange.
He concluded by giving his views on the challenges that could be faced while implementing the automation. He said that the basis and fundamentals of operations should be strong and the automation should maintain the integrity of the system.
Mr. Ajish Thomas-Sourcing and Supplier Quality Leader- GE Energy Management
Mr. Ajish Thomas spoke about the sourcing of technology. He said that the essence of sourcing lies in how smartly you do it. There are three fundamental components to source smartly. The sourcing should be cost competitive, it should be of the desired quality and it should be delivered with speed. Industry 4.0 enabled automation have enabled to the ability to interpret the data. He spoke about smart manufacturing, which broadly translates to connecting shop floor to top floor. Smart manufacturing will take care of the safety, quality, cost, human resource and productivity of the system. He concluded by saying that smart manufacturing coupled with smart logistics wherein the waste is reduced will form the foundation pillars in moving towards a smart India.
Raju- Vice President 3PL & Contract Logistics – Adani Logistics limited
“Logistics is no more a push but a pull function”
Mr. Raju started the discussion by saying that India is becoming digital. A vibrant and tech-savvy India will lead the world soon. He spoke about how in the port industry there are a lot of job opportunities. The shipping industry has progressed a lot over the years with the introduction of innovations. Conventional ports are changing slowly and efficiently.He carried on the discussion by sharing his experiences with Adani logistics. Adani is the biggest logistics service provider for Maruti. They handle their complete supply chain. In the logistics industry, we need to follow schedules to maintain Just-in-time inventory and precision.
He concluded by saying that to make the logistics system smart, we need efficiency along with sustainability, technology, and attitude. We need to eliminate the bottlenecks in the system, analyze the activities and communicate the concern for taking the right decision at the right time.
Atul Holkar- Senior Vice President – Head Merchandise and Supply Chain Management at RJ Corp Retail
Mr. Atul Holkar started the discussion by saying that industry 4.0 is more German. It requires synchronization of the cyber systems. He shared the example of Pepsico and stated how all the supply chain functions of Pepsico are automated. But he said that, though technology is changing the way we manage the supply chain, there is a limit to what technology can do. In spite of having systems in place, we cannot overlook human intelligence.
He carried on the discussion by stating that we need to first recognize the areas of concern in the functioning process. The moment we identify such area of concerns, most of the problems will be resolved and there will be growth in India.He concluded by saying that Industry 4.0 must be built on visibility, transparency, communication and scenario building.
Mr. Girish Ramnath Pai-Director- Kamaths Ourtimes Ice Creams Pvt. Ltd
Mr. Girish shared about the experience of his company in implementing the ERP software. As the organization grew it became difficult to place the order of 40 stores. So the company decided to incorporate the ERP system but eventually found it quite expensive. He further emphasized on the fact that how technology is extremely crucial to provide a base to your day to day process. Post ERP now they are planning for an ERP upgrade.
He further stated that the biggest challenge for Naturals Icecream is not manufacturing but supplying. Their prime focus is on improving the supply system which is evident from the fact that they carry on production for 325 days in a year and dispatch for 365 days a year. So there is no offs for the supply services. The key area that he identifies will help them grow is logistics.
Mr.Sriram Natrajan-Vice President- Nals Academy
Mr. Sriram Natrajan talked about the human factors in technology and the people. “The best of technology can be destroyed by people“,he said. A lot of organizations around the world are talking about this. Moving ahead he said that 4.0 has arrived and will catch up but the problem is that 90% of the population is not even talking about it. The culture of India is different from other countries and if we look through India’s perspective a lot of things change. We are a culture that is very comfortable with uncertainty which is not the case with other countries.
Later on, he went on to describe how motivation is the key differentiator for the growth of an organization as it is what drives people to work hard. People only do something when they feel motivated enough to do it. So, it is the significant duty of the organization to motivate their employees to adopt these technologies and help them understand the benefit that they will get when they do so.